Indian Administrative Services (IAS) and Indian Police Services are the two most important and well-known All India Services which exist before the independance of the nation. Both IPS and IAS are important because they form the foundation of development within the country. Revenue as well as Law and Order are the two most crucial elements of the state administration and they are concerned with the IAS and IPS. Both development and security are crucial for India’s growth. IAS and IPS are two of the important pillars of development and security in India. Candidates for both the Civil Services Exam and Civil Services Exam are conducted by the Union Public Service Commission.
The IAS and IPS are both complementary and do not compete for power. IAS and IPS both are All-India Services. Indian Administrative Service (IAS) is also known as Indian Police Service (IPS). IAS as well as IPS are the most important functions in the government administration of districts. IAS and IPS complement each other. Both are vital to the advancement of Indian society. IAS and IPS officers have starkly different roles, backgrounds, education and control of cadres, pay, and power.
Let’s look at the main differences between IAS and IPS.
The evolution of IAS and IPS
Because only a few Indians could successfully pass the Civil Services Exam, IAS and IPS were dominated by Europeans prior to Independence. After independence, the services were opened to only Indian citizens only and the eligibility criteria were reduced to the benefit of Indians. Indian Administrative Service is the continuation of the Imperial Civil Services (ICS) which was prevalent during the colonial time. Civil Services are related to the collection of revenue from land used for agriculture and hence the title “Collector”. It was one of the first jobs offered by the British company and also the one that started the popular civil services.
In the same way, IPS is an extension of the Imperial Police. In contrast the necessity for Police Bureaucracy was stated in the Indian Council Act of 1861 for the first time.
The process of recruitment
Both IAS and IPS are selected by UPSC Civil Services Examination every year. IAS candidates must fill out the DAF of UPSC and Department of Personnel & Training to express their preference for the job. The selected candidates are assigned to the service in accordance with their rank and preference. Most of the candidate fill IAS as their first preference and IPS as their second choice.
The popularity of IAS can be understood by the fact that the UPSC Civil Services exam is widely known as the IAS exam. IAS overtook all other public services during the Civil Services Exam, and in actual life.
Cadre Controlling Authority
IAS Classes in Vadodara Cadre Controlling Authority is the responsible ministry, which is responsible for the posting and transfer of the officers. Both IAS and IPS are All-India Services but both have separate Cadre Controlling Authority. Cadre Controlling Authority (IAS) is the Ministry of Personnel. This ministry directly reports to the Prime Minister. The Cadre Controlling Authority (IPS Cadre Controlling Authority) is the Ministry of Home Affairs, which operates under the Home Minister of India.
Following the Civil Services exam results, UPSC transmits the recommendation list of candidates to the Ministry of Personnel. From there, all details of the candidates are made available to the appropriate Cadre Controlling Authorities.
All newly appointed IAS and IPS officers enroll in the Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration (LBSNAA) for three months of a common foundation courses. The foundation course was successfully completed by IAS officers, who remained in the LBSNAA while the other officers went to their specialized training institutes. IPS officer trainees are sent to Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy (SVPNPA) Hyderabad for the remainder of their training. IAS probationers receive training for two years, while IPS officers are trained for two half years.
The President’s Gold Medal is awarded to the IAS Training Topper. Likewise, the Prime Minister’s Battaon is awarded to the IPS Training Course Topper.
IAS training focuses on the management, coordination and administration of resources and human resources. IPS training includes physical education and a variety of laws essential to law enforcement activities. IPS training is more demanding and involves more physical exertion. This includes horse riding, parades, armour training, and other vital things required by police.
Powers and Responsibilities
After a set amount of time, certain IAS officers are promoted to District Magistrate (DM). The DM who is the district’s coordinator, has the power to make a final decision. The DM is the chief responsibility for all district-level committees and departmental meetings. IAS Coaching in Vadodara The DM oversees the entire police department in the district. Within the city, decision on curfews and Section 144. are made by the DM.
In a magisterial structure of administration, DM has the power to command the firing for controlling the mob or other related conditions. Not only this but the approval of DM is also needed to transfer certain police officers.
IPS is the Senior Superintendent of Police (SSP), in the district. He’s more concerned with the rule of law of the city. He requires permission from IAS officers for specific warrants.
The roles of both IAS and IPS services is very wide and both are listed on powerful websites, but IAS is much more powerful as a DM. An IPS is only responsible for the duties of the department it is part of, whereas an IAS (DM) has the responsibility for all departments within the district. An IAS officer as DM is the head of the police department along with other departments.
In accordance with one protocol the IPS officer has to salute the IAS when he is superior to him. The protocol also states that the IPS officer is required to salute the IAS officer if he is senior to him. Certain states have instituted the commissionerate system in a few of their cities. The system grants police officers greater power, however, it is less powerful than the IAS.
Scope of duty
An IAS officer is able to be an DM within any department within the district. As an IPS is SSP, he is able to work within the traffic and police departments in the district they are assigned to. The responsibilities of the job of a DM are extensive and cover all departments in the district. The DM coordinates at the district-level even in Disaster Management, when the army is named. He’s the equivalent of a major in an army.
IPS is the other important functionary of the district, as he has to ensure the law and order of the city. He is more worried about the actions of the departments and the instructions he’s been given by the DM.
Uniform Separates IPS and IAS. There isn’t a uniform specific for IAS officers, they just need to wear formal clothing at the official events, but IPS have to wear the uniform they are required to wear. IPS uniforms change with rank. The IPS officer wears the Ashok symbol on their shoulders.
In public areas, the public recognizes IPS officers because of his or her uniform. However, they are it is not an IAS.
The IAS could be appointed as the Cabinet Secretary for the Government of India. This is the highest post within the Indian bureaucratic structure , and only an IAS officer is eligible to be appointed. UPSC Classes in Vadodara The Chief Secretary of the State Government is the highest-ranking position in the bureaucratic system of the state. This post can only be held by an IAS officer. IAS officers also have the option of holding the office of the Union Home Secretary.
The Director-General of Police is appointed by IPS. A IPS officer working in Union Government can become the Director of CBI, IB and RAW. IPS can also be posted as a National Security Advisor.
The pay of an IPS officer in India has increased significantly after the recommendations of the Seventh Pay Commission. An IPS officer’s salary could range from Rs 56,100 up to 2,25,000 per monthly. It can vary based on your level of experience. Salary of IAS is also better than the recommendations of the Seventh Pay Commission. IAS salary ranges between Rs 56,100 and Rs 2,50,000 per months. It could also differ based on your rank. The IAS pay is more than IPS.